Occupational Therapy and Telehealth for Teens with Level 2 Autism

Home Autism Occupational Therapy and Telehealth for Teens with Level 2 Autism
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In the realm of healthcare, occupational therapy plays a pivotal role in enhancing the lives of individuals with various conditions. When it comes to supporting teenagers with Level 2 Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the integration of telehealth has emerged as a revolutionary approach, breaking down barriers and providing valuable therapeutic interventions.

In this blog post, we will explore the unique challenges faced by teenagers with Level 2 ASD and how occupational therapy, delivered through telehealth, can make a significant impact on their lives.

Smiling Therapist or with a Clipboard Listening to a Happy teen

Understanding Level 2 Autism:

Autism Spectrum Disorder is a complex neurodevelopmental condition characterized by a range of challenges in social communication, repetitive behaviours, and restricted interests. Level 2 ASD, as classified in the DSM-5, indicates significant impairments in social functioning and communication skills, often requiring substantial support.

Teenagers with Level 2 ASD may face difficulties in building and maintaining relationships, interpreting social cues, and adapting to changes in routine. These challenges can significantly impact their ability to navigate the demands of daily life, education, and social interactions.

The Role of Occupational Therapy:

Occupational therapy (OT) is a holistic approach that focuses on enabling individuals to participate in meaningful activities and improve their overall quality of life. For teenagers with Level 2 ASD, occupational therapy interventions are tailored to address specific challenges related to sensory processing, motor skills, executive functioning, and social-emotional development.

OT aims to empower individuals to perform daily activities independently and develop skills essential for socialization, education, and employment. By targeting these areas, occupational therapists can help teenagers with Level 2 ASD overcome obstacles and enhance their overall well-being.

Challenges of Traditional In-Person Therapy:

Traditionally, occupational therapy sessions for individuals with ASD have been conducted in-person, involving face-to-face interactions between the therapist and the client. While this approach has proven effective, it comes with its own set of challenges, especially for teenagers with Level 2 ASD.

Transportation issues, sensory overload in unfamiliar environments, and the need for consistent routines are just a few of the obstacles that can hinder the effectiveness of traditional in-person therapy. Additionally, some teenagers may feel uncomfortable or anxious in face-to-face settings, making it difficult to establish a trusting therapeutic relationship.

The Rise of Telehealth in Occupational Therapy:

The advent of telehealth has transformed the landscape of healthcare, offering a convenient and accessible platform for delivering services remotely. Telehealth in occupational therapy involves using technology to connect therapists with their clients, allowing for real-time interactions and interventions. This approach has proven particularly beneficial for teenagers with Level 2 ASD.

Telehealth eliminates the need for physical travel to therapy sessions, reducing stressors associated with transportation and unfamiliar environments. It also provides a familiar and comfortable setting for the teenager, promoting a sense of security that can enhance the therapeutic relationship.

Tailoring Occupational Therapy to Telehealth:

Adapting occupational therapy to a telehealth format requires creativity and flexibility. Therapists employ various strategies to engage teenagers with Level 2 ASD effectively, utilizing digital tools and platforms to create interactive and personalized sessions.

⦁ Sensory-Friendly Activities:

Telehealth allows therapists to guide teenagers through sensory-friendly activities within their own homes. This can include exercises to improve fine and gross motor skills, as well as activities that address sensory processing challenges.

⦁ Visual Supports:

Visual supports are crucial for individuals with ASD. In a telehealth setting, therapists can use visual aids, charts, and diagrams to enhance communication and help teenagers understand and follow instructions.

⦁ Social Skills Training:

Social skills are a focal point of occupational therapy for teenagers with Level 2 ASD. Telehealth platforms enable therapists to create scenarios for practicing social interactions, providing immediate feedback and guidance.

⦁ Parental Involvement:

Telehealth encourages active involvement from parents or caregivers during therapy sessions. This collaborative approach allows therapists to provide support and guidance not only to the teenager but also to those actively involved in their daily lives.

Benefits of Telehealth for Teens with Level 2 ASD:

1. Convenience and Accessibility:

Telehealth eliminates geographical barriers, making occupational therapy accessible to teenagers in remote or underserved areas. This is particularly advantageous for families who may have limited access to specialized services.

2. Consistency and Routine:

Teenagers with Level 2 ASD often thrive on consistency and routine. Telehealth allows for the establishment of a regular therapy schedule within the familiar surroundings of the home, contributing to a sense of predictability.

3. Reduced Sensory Overload:

By conducting therapy sessions in a familiar environment, telehealth minimizes the sensory overload that can occur in new or clinical settings. This contributes to a more comfortable and focused therapeutic experience.

4. Individualized Interventions:

Telehealth platforms enable therapists to tailor interventions to the specific needs and preferences of each teenager. This individualized approach enhances the effectiveness of occupational therapy and promotes better outcomes.

5. Parental Empowerment:

Telehealth involves parents more directly in the therapeutic process. This increased parental involvement not only supports the teenager during sessions but also empowers parents with the tools and knowledge to continue fostering progress between sessions.

Challenges and Considerations:

While telehealth offers numerous benefits, it’s essential to acknowledge the challenges and considerations associated with this mode of service delivery:

1. Technology Barriers:

Some families may face challenges related to technology access or proficiency. Therapists must work collaboratively with families to address these barriers and ensure a seamless telehealth experience.

2. Engagement and Attention:

Maintaining the engagement and attention of teenagers with Level 2 ASD during virtual sessions can be challenging. Therapists may need to employ creative strategies and leverage the teenager’s interests to keep sessions interactive and focused.

3. Privacy and Confidentiality:

Ensuring privacy and confidentiality in a home setting can be more complex than in a clinical environment. Therapists and families must work together to establish a private and secure space for therapy sessions.


In conclusion, Occupational therapy plays a crucial role in supporting teenagers with Level 2 Autism Spectrum Disorder, addressing challenges related to sensory processing, motor skills, and social-emotional development. The integration of telehealth has revolutionized the delivery of occupational therapy, offering increased accessibility, flexibility, and individualization.

By leveraging telehealth platforms, therapists can engage teenagers with Level 2 ASD in meaningful interventions within the comfort of their homes. This not only overcomes traditional barriers associated with in-person therapy but also empowers families to actively participate in the therapeutic process.

As we continue to explore innovative approaches to healthcare, the combination of occupational therapy and telehealth stands out as a promising avenue for improving the lives of teenagers with Level 2 ASD, fostering independence, and unlocking their full potential.

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Transform Life is a NDIS registered organisation that provides support for your autistic teenager, as well as support to you as a parent to best navigate the challenges your teenager and family face on a daily basis.

Book your consult with an experienced Therapist at Transform Life to explore how OT can support you and your family.


Transform Life is an Australian owned provider specialising in evidence based therapeutic support including Positive Behaviour Support, Occupational Therapy, Psychology, Speech Therapy and Behavioural Interventions helping transform lives and families across Australia.

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